From Paris, France.
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An exuberant pioneer of cinematic tricks and technology, early French filmmaker Geroges Méliès (1861-1938) made his first short in 1896, just as the movies were beginning to be born. He was, appropriately, a magician by trade, and he became known for formative, playful experiments with visual effects. His best-known short, A Trip to the Moon (1902), was named one of the best films of the 20th century by the Village Voice Critics’ Poll in the early 2000s. He made more than 500 films before we was forced out of business in 1913, when much of his work was lost. Martin Scorsese’s 2011 film Hugo, an adaptation of a 2007 novel, is a love letter to Méliès’ films and his influence on early cinema.